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What’s Your Sign in Ancient Egyptian Astrology?

What’s Your Sign in Ancient Egyptian Astrology?

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This article will look at the underlying principles of ancient Egyptian astrology and provide descriptions of the 12 Egyptian zodiac signs. Do you identify with yours?

Different cultures around the world have looked to the sky and celestial bodies to understand the phases of time and identify great forces that could be influencing life on Earth. But while we might all be looking up at the same stars and planets, different cultures have developed different frameworks for interpreting and understanding the stars.

Modern western astrology is largely based on ancient Greek astrology, which was, in turn, greatly influenced by Babylonian traditions. Indian astrologers created Vedic astrology based on the Sanskrit Vedas. Chinese astrology is based on the principles of yin and yang.

The ancient Egyptians had their own approach to astrology that looked very different from modern astrology, using ten-degree decans rather than the 30-degree periods used in modern astrology.

Let’s take a quick look at the fundamental principles that underpin Egyptian astrology and at the dates and traits of the different Egyptian zodiac signs.

Fundamental Principles of Egyptian Astrology

The Egyptians used a 365-day solar calendar. The length of the year is determined by the earth’s orbit around the sun. They broke the year into three seasons: Akhet, the season of the inundation (June to September); Peretor, the season of emergence and growing (October to February); and Shemu, the harvest season (March to May).

Each season had four months lasting 30 days, plus a five-day intercalary month at the end of the year to realign the months with the solar year. This was a period of religious festivity.

The importance of astrology in Egyptian religion is clear from religious architecture. There is a 5th millennium BCE stone circle at the Nabta Plata that points to the important stars. The great Pyramids at Giza are perfectly aligned with the pole star. The temple of Amun-Re at Karnak is aligned with the rising midwinter sun.

The stars were also important for predicting the essential annual flooding of the Nile, which was based on the heliacal rising, which is the first visible appearance of the stars at dawn. The rising of Sirius, known as Sopdet in ancient Egypt, marked the start of the inundation season and the start of the Egyptian year.

The stars also influenced daily life. Each 30-day month was broken into three decans of ten days. The last two days of each decan were days off for the royal craftsmen, a bit like weekends.

Egyptian priests were experts in observing the heavenly bodies. Several important astronomical texts survive, perhaps the most important being the Book of Nut. Several diagonal star tables also survive, drawn inside coffin lids or on the ceilings of tombs and temples, presumably recreating the sky on important dates.

Egyptian Zodiac Signs

While we know that the Egyptians relied on the stars to predict or explain important events that affected the Egyptian nation, there is no clear evidence that the ancient Egyptians believed in personal zodiac signs or horoscopes.

When Egypt came under Greek influence following the conquest of Alexander the Great, they imported Greek astrology, and the idea of horoscopes began to emerge. Some Egyptian horoscopes survive in old Coptic from around the 3rd century CE.

But the period of a person’s birth was ruled by one of the 12 decal signs. One of the Egyptian gods rules each of the decal signs. Rather than covering a continuous month, each sign covers four seven-day periods across the year.

Modern astrologers have developed personality descriptions for the 12 Egyptian signs. This is based on the connections with the individual gods and what is known about the important celestial influences at different times of the year.

Hapi/Nile

January 1–7, June 19–28, September 1–7, November 18–26

Hapi is the Egyptian god that embodies the source of the Nile river. This sign is sometimes referred to as just being ruled over by the Nile. The great river represented life’s blood and the essential concept of birth, death, and renewal.

People born under the Nile sign tend to be logical and practice and prefer to keep their emotions under control while dealing with things. Those born under the Hapi sign also prefer peace and tranquility and will do whatever it takes to avoid conflict. They are in tune with their intuition.

The Moon and Uranus rule the sign Hapi. It is most closely related to the western zodiac sign Sagittarius. People born under the Nile sign are most compatible with people born under Amun-Ra or Set.

Amun-Ra

January 8–21, February 1–11

Amun-Ra is an Egyptian god that eventually became the most powerful of all the Egyptian gods. He is a combination of Amun, the hidden one and the patron god of Thebes, and the sun god Ra. He is so powerful that he created himself.

People born under the sign of Amun-Ra are confident and optimistic. They know their strengths and believe in their power to affect change in their lives and in the world around them. This self-belief and action-oriented attitude make them excellent leaders.

The Sun and Saturn rule sign Amun-Ra. It is most closely related to the western zodiac sign Taurus. People born under the Amun-Ra sign are most compatible with people born under Hapi/Nile or Horus.

Mut

January 22–31, September 8–22

Mut is one of the deities who emerged from the primordial waters. She gave birth to the world, making her a primal mother goddess. She was considered the wife of the creator deity Amun-Ra, who was connected with the sun, and the mother of the lunar god Khonsu.

People born under Mut are very sensitive and affectionate; they are the lovers of the zodiac. They are loyal to those they love and generous in what they give of themselves. Their instinct is always to be protective. They are easily hurt, and betrayal is the worst thing you can do to someone born under the Mut sign. They tend to organize their lives around specific goals.

The Sun rules the sign Mut. It is most closely related to the western zodiac sign Scorpio. People born under the Mut sign are most compatible with people born under Amun-Ra or Thoth.

Geb

February 12–29, August 20–31

Geb is the Egyptian god of the Earth, which is often referred to as the House of Geb. A member of the Ennead of Heliopolis, he is one of the creator gods within that tradition. The laughter of Geb creates earthquakes, and he is also the god that allows crops to grow.

People born under the sign Geb tend to be very in tune with their emotions and also led by them. While this makes them highly intuitive, they can also lack control. Nevertheless, they tend to be shy, and while they are reliable friends, they share little about themselves. One of their strongest personality traits is persistence.

The Earth rules the sign Geb. It is most closely related to the western zodiac sign Libra. People born under the Geb sign are most compatible with people born under Set or Horus.

Osiris

March 1–10, November 27 – December 18

Osiris was originally the king of the mortal realm until he was killed by his brother Set. He was brought back to life by his sister-wife Isis, but it was a half-life. The underworld was created for him, allowing others to live there for eternity after death.

People born under the Osiris sign are intelligent and independent but also vulnerable because they feel deeply but can be too trusting and not good at reading people. They are headstrong and tend to plow directly toward their goals, which they rarely fail to meet. This singlemindedness means that they tend to put themselves first.

The Sun and Pluto rule the sign Osiris. It is most closely related to the western zodiac sign Aries. People born under the Osiris sign are most compatible with people born under Isis and Thoth.

Isis

March 11–31, October 18–29, December 19–31

Isis is the divine sister-mother of Osiris. A powerful magic worker, she created the afterlife after her husband was killed. As the mother of the new king Horus, she is always seen standing just behind him with her hand on his shoulder.

People born under the Isis sign are honest and straightforward. They genuinely enjoy the company of other people and tend to have an excellent sense of humor and the ability to read other people. Those born under the Isis sign might not realize just how capable they are until they are put to the test.

The Moon, Earth, and Uranus rule the sign Isis. It is most closely related to the western zodiac sign Pisces. People born under the Isis sign are most compatible with people born under Thoth and Osiris.

Thoth

April 1–19, November 8–17

Thoth is one of several Egyptian gods associated with the moon. He is also the patron of learning and wisdom. He is a great teacher and may even be the patron deity of astrology. In mythology, he is responsible for maintaining the universe and resolving divine disputes.

People born under the sign of Thoth tend to be wise beyond their years, with a natural ability to understand things quickly and apply knowledge to new situations. They tend to be relentless self-improvers who are never satisfied unless they are learning, growing, and doing something productive.

The Moon and Mercury rule the sign Thoth. It is most closely related to the western zodiac sign Virgo. People born under the Thoth sign are most compatible with people born under Bastet and Isis.

Horus

April 20 – May 7, August 12–19

Following the death of his father, Osiris, his mother, Isis, brought his father back to life so that she could become pregnant with Horus, who avenged his father and succeeded him as the ruler of the realm of reality. He is a god of the sky, and the Pharaoh was considered an incarnation of Horus.

People born under Horus tend to be brave and optimistic and also highly ambitious. They believe that there is nothing that they can’t do and sometimes underestimate how difficult something might be. They tend to be action-oriented and prefer to move forward rather than contemplate the details.

The Moon and the Sun rule Horus. It is most closely related to the western zodiac sign Capricorn. People born under the Horus sign are most compatible with people born under Bastet and Geb.

Anubis

May 8–27, June 29 – July 13

Anubis is the jackal-headed deity of mummification and embalming. He is the god of liminal and dangerous places. Anubis accompanies people as they travel into the underworld. He places their hearts on the scale to be weighed against the feather of truth.

While naturally introverted, people born under the sign of Anubis are effortlessly confident. They know their worth and don’t feel the need to impress anyone else. When they want something, they are willing to work hard for it, and they value things that they have earned for themselves.

Mercury rules the sign Anubis. It is most closely related to the western zodiac sign Leo. People born under the Anubis sign are most compatible with people born under Bastet and Isis.

Set

May 28 – June 18, September 28 – October 2

Set is most often cited as the god that killed his brother Osiris because he was jealous of his power. But he is also the god that protects the sun barge from Apophis. He is the god of foreign lands, the desert, and natural disasters such as earthquakes and storms. He represents threat, but also possibility.

People born under the sign of Set tend to be perfectionists. This makes them incredibly hard workers and ambitious, but they put a lot of pressure on themselves because they are never satisfied. Set signs are calculated, and believe in always being prepared. But they are also bold and will take risks for a desired reward.

Mars rules the sign Set. It is most closely related to the western zodiac sign Gemini. People born under the Set sign are most compatible with people born under Geb or Hapi/Nile.

Bastet

July 14–28, September 23–27, October 3–17

Bastet is the Egyptian cat goddess and the goddess of both protection and pleasure. She can also bestow good health. She is closely associated with the domestic world, but also the hidden wild, and feminine attributes.

People born under Bastet tend to be good at maintaining balance in the different parts of their lives. They avoid conflict, and their natural charm and ability to read others help them greatly with this. They are loyal and devoted. While they seem easygoing, they can become a lion when needed.

The Sun and the Moon rule the sign Bastet. It is most closely related to the western zodiac sign Cancer. People born under the Bastet sign are most compatible with people born under Sehkmet or Horus.

Sekhmet

July 29 – August 11, October 30 – November 7

Sehkmet’s name means “she who is powerful” and she is a goddess of war and chaos, the hot desert sun, plague, and healing. She was created when Ra looked upon the earth with his burning eye and created a burning fire. She represents unexpected consequences and opportunities from adversity.

People born under Sehkmet seem to have two sides to their personalities. They can be extremely serious and dedicated to their goals, but also easy-going and happy to go with the flow. It can be difficult to predict which one you will get in any situation. However, you can always expect them to be on the side of justice and doing what is right.

The Sun rules the sign Sehkmet. It is most closely related to the western zodiac sign Aquarius. People born under the Sehkmet sign are most compatible with people born under Bastet or Geb.

What Do You Think of your Egyptian Zodiac Sign?

What do you think of your zodiac sign within ancient Egyptian astrology? Do you feel like it strongly represents elements of your character and personality, or do you identify more closely with your western astrology sign?